Ironman vs Triathlon: What’s the Difference?

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The triathlon is arguably the most demanding athletic discipline. Iron man and triathlon are quite similar, making the question ‘What is the difference between an Ironman and a Triathlon’ common.

 

All ironman races are triathlons, but not every triathlon doubles up as an ironman. Both are multi-sport events requiring participants to complete three disciplines. They both have a common order: swimming-first transition-cycling-second transition- running.

 

Their origins

A triathlon, as you may have watched in the Olympics, is a race comprising of three disciplines: swimming, cycling, and running. The first triathlon was undertaken in France in 1920 to answer the heated debate question, ‘Who is the fittest athlete, the swimmer, the cyclist, or runner?’

 

The Ironman triathlon was developed years later, (in 1978) thanks to a bet among friends in Honolulu, Hawaii. These friends couldn’t decide which race was tougher among the 3.8km-Waikiki rough water swim, the 112-km bike race around Oahu, and the 42.195-km Honolulu marathon.

 

One of the friends offered an idea to combine all three into a race, and the Ironman triathlon was born. The Hawaii Ironman championship became one of the most prominent races and still is today.

 

The Ironman version of the triathlon had far greater distances than any ever participated in, and started with only 15 participants. The concept was to dub the first person that completed the race as the ‘Iron Man’ due to the sheer difficulty of the race.

 

The Ironman race is organized by the Worth Triathlon Corporation, the owners of the ‘Ironman’ trademarked name. Other triathlons with similar distances also exist, but are called ‘Iron-distance races.’

 

The distance length

The Ironman races have the longest distances, and come in two forms: the Half Ironman Triathlon also called the ’70.3 Triathlon,’ and the Ironman Triathlon, also called the ‘140.6 Triathlon.’ For the Half Ironman Triathlon, participants endure these distances:

  • 1.9km/1.2-mile swim
  • 90km/56-mile cycle
  • 21.1km/13.1-mile run

 

The Ironman Triathlon is double these distances:

  • 3.8km/2.4-mile swim
  • 180.2km/112-mile cycle
  • 42.2 km/26.2-mile run

 

For the Half Ironman and Ironman races, athletes must push their bodies to the limits, considering the disciplines involved and the hefty distances required of them. If these distances feel daunting, consider shorter triathlon forms.

 

They include the Sprint and Standard or Olympic Triathlons. The shortest triathlon is called the Super-Sprint, and is commonly used by athletes to practice as they gear up for the heftier races:

  • 400m/0.3-mile swim
  • 10km/6.2-mile cycle
  • 2.5km/1.6-mile run

 

A sprint triathlon consists of these distances:

  • 750m/0.465-mile swim
  • 20km/12.5-mile cycle
  • 5km/3.1-mile run

 

A standard/Olympic triathlon athlete completes these distances:

  • 1.5km/0.93-mile swim
  • 40km/25-mile cycle
  • 10km/6.2-mile run

 

Ironman vs Triathlon Training:

Considering the distances athletes are required to cover, the Ironman takes a full day to complete. Athletes aspiring to take the Ironman title, therefore, train for a year, with training consuming most of their free time. One requires both physical and mental preparation to endure the Ironman race.

 

For a standard or sprint triathlon, one may not require a year to train. A few months, starting with the Super Sprint may suffice.

 

Recovery time required

For a sprint triathlon, an athlete requires two days of complete rest and 7-10 days of steady workouts. After these days, an athlete is allowed to resume their training regime.

 

This race is 16 miles long, and the world record is held by Mario Mola, who completed it in 51.15. If you are a beginner, you should take at least 4 weeks between races.

 

The Ironman, on the other hand, is grueling and will take much longer to participate in and consequently, recover from. Jon Frodeno holds the Ironman world record for winding up the entire race in only 7:35:39.

 

Many other athletes also finished the race but took longer, meaning the race does take a physical toll. To recover from this toll, athletes take 7 days of complete rest followed by 21 days of steady workouts before they can resume training.

 

What are the similarities between both races?

Both require recovery time. Athletes are discouraged from participating in multiple races in a season. This race, regardless of length, pushes one’s body to the limits, and rest is required to remain in top shape.

 

Failure to take recovery time may lead to soreness and a gradual increase in finishing time. The race also takes a toll on the mind, leading to mental fatigue.

 

Recovery is a crucial discipline in effective triathlon preparation both after training and after races. The time required to recover from a triathlon depends on the distances covered and the athlete’s fitness level and experience.

 

Both are hard on the body

The triathlon has been referred to by many as the toughest discipline in the world. Athletes must meet these specifications:

  • Possess sufficient skill in swimming, cycling, and running
  • Able to endure very strenuous training
  • Possess a high level of mental endurance
  • Have access to plenty of time daily for training

 

For running, one should possess the talent and willingness to train to be a triathlon-class athlete. Cycling and swimming in races also require special techniques. Training for all three at a go puts the body through intense exertion.

 

How to train for a triathlon:

Running:

At this stage, you should aim to build your muscle strength and aerobics base. Long and slow running on terrains with both plains and hills should take precedence.

 

With time, it should be possible to run for 2-3 hours. Once you have a strong aerobic pace, you can start improving on your pace to match the race conditions.

 

Cycling:

Consider cycling on both flat and hilly terrain, varying your pace, and combining cycling with both running and swimming. When training at a constant pace, cycle on flat paths, then use both hilly and flat terrains for varied pace training.

 

Swimming:

Familiarize yourself with water since the race takes place in open water, not a pool. Train constantly as water is not as natural an environment as the ground while running and cycling.

 

A 10-minute warm-up, followed by a 1-15-minute session to practice the breaststroke, butterfly, and backstroke, then a 20-40-minute central block of actual swimming training would be a great routine.

 

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